Locksmith is a person who learns this tradition and is also called an apprentice. However the level of education needed to be an apprentice can vary from country to country. One can begin with a simple training certificate or can be more professional and earn a diploma in this profession. A locksmith can be called by another name and that is a lock specialist.
Locksmiths can construct or repair an entire lock. With the rise in the usage of locks there has been a flood of locks of even cheap quality which are easier to break into. The rise of cheap lock production has brought about the change in thinking of people. Now locks are replaced rather than being repaired. Fitting and replacing of keys still is a part of locksmith work. However modern locksmiths deal in installing sophisticated lock sets. A locksmith needs to check regularly the locking system so as to determine the level of risk to the individual or to the institution where it is installed. In fact, in the United States the growth of locks and locksmiths has increased. The total revenue was one point six billion and more than three thousand six hundred locksmiths work in this sector.
Types of locks
There are two types of locks. There is one with physical keys and the other with electronic keys.
Locks with physical keys: These types of locks are called warded locks and use a set of obstructions so that only the right key can open it. The key has slots that interlock with the obstructions in the lock. In this manner there is a free movement inside the lock when the key is inserted. These types of locks are normally used in low security applications. In such cases a skeleton key can also be used to open such locks.
The next is pin tumbler locks. In these types of locks a set of pins are used to prevent the lock from opening. Only the right key will open such type of locks. On either side of the key’s blade there are grooves thus limiting the type of lock the key can be used in. The horizontal groove on the blade aligns with the wards as the key slides into the lock. A series of teeth and notches on the blade of the key allow the pins to move up and down until they are in line
A wafer tumbler lock works on the same principle as that of a pin tumbler lock. This type of lock uses a different mechanism. These types of locks are not so expensive and are mostly used in the automobile industry.
Locks with electronic keys: By the name of electronic keys it is understood that it works on electric current. Just as the pin and tumbler are used in standard locks, in electronic locks connects the bolt to a motor within the door. There are many types of electronic keys such as a key card lock that works on a flat card similar to that of a credit card. In this type of luck one needs to match the signature within the key card if one wants to open the door successfully.